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How air quality and COVID-19 transmission change under different lockdown scenarios? A case from Dhaka city, Bangladesh

17, October 2020 | Bangladesh

Authors:

Rahman M.S. Azad M.A.K. Hasanuzzaman M. Salam R. Islam A.R.M.T. Rahman M.M. Hoque M.M.M.

Abstract


The transmission of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) can be reduced by implementing a lockdown policy, which has also been proven as an effective control measure for air pollution in the urban cities. In this study, we applied ground- and satellite-based data of five criteria air pollutants (PM2.5, NO2, SO2, O3, and CO) and meteorological factors from March 8 to May 15, 2020 (before, partial-, and full-lockdown). The generalized additive models (GAMs), wavelet coherence, and random forest (RF) model were employed to explore the relationship between air quality indicators and COVID-19 transmission in Dhaka city. Results show that 1 Journal Pre-proof overall, 26, 20.4, 17.5, 9.7 and 8.8% declined in PM 2.5, NO2, SO2, O3, and CO concentrations, respectively, in Dhaka City during the partial and full lockdown compared to the period before the lockdown. The implementation of lockdown policy for containing COVID-19 transmission played a crucial role in reducing air pollution. The findings of wavelet coherence and partial wavelet coherence demonstrate no standalone coherence, but interestingly, multiple wavelet coherence indicated a strong short-term coherence among air pollutants and meteorological factors with the COVID-19 outbreak.