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Misconceptions about COVID-19 among older Rohingya (forcefully displaced Myanmar nationals) adults in Bangladesh: findings from a cross-sectional study

11, May 2021 |

Authors:

Mistry S. K. Ali A. Yadav U. N. Ghimire S. Hossain M. B. Saha M. Reza S. Bakshi P. Bhuiyan A. & Harris M.

Abstract


Objectives Due to low health literacy and adverse situation in the camps, there are possibilities of misconceptions related to COVID-19 among the older Rohingya (forcefully displaced Myanmar nationals or FDMNs) adults in Bangladesh. The present research aimed to assess the level of misconceptions and the factors associated with it among the older FDMNs in Bangladesh. Design Cross-sectional. Setting A selected Rohingya camp situated in Cox’s Bazar, a southeastern district of Bangladesh. Participants Information was collected from 416 conveniently selected FDMNs who were aged 60 years and above. Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome was misconceptions related to the spread, prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Information on 14 different locally relevant misconceptions was gathered, each was scored as one, and obtained a cumulative score, ranging from 0 to 14, with a higher score indicating a higher level of misconceptions. A multiple linear regression model explored the factors associated with misconceptions. Results The participants had an average of five misconceptions. The most prevalent misconceptions were: everyone should wear personal protective equipment when outside (84.6%) and its prevention by nutritious food (62.5%) and drinking water (59.3%). Other notable misconceptions included the spread of COVID-19 through mosquito bites (42%) and its transmissions only to the non/less religious person (31.4%). In regression analyses, memory or concentration problems, communication frequency with social networks, pre-existing conditions and receiving information from health workers were significantly associated with higher COVID-19 misconceptions. These misconceptions were less likely among those overwhelmed by COVID-19, having COVID-19 diagnosed friends or family members and receiving information from friends and family. Conclusions Overall, we found that misconceptions were prevalent among the older FDMNs in Bangladesh. The associations have important implications for programmes